Over the past 40 years, IVF treatment has helped thousands of couples worldwide overcome a wide variety of infertility diagnoses allowing them to realize their dreams of becoming parents. Infertile couples are able to get pregnant through IVF treatment by joining the egg and sperm together in an embryology laboratory where embryos are created that can later be transferred back into the woman’s uterus. Most of the patients have heard of IVF Treatment not many people are aware how the process works.
The step by step Process:
1. Ovarian Stimulation
Oral contraceptives are given prior to ART cycle. In general, the process of ovarian stimulation begins after menstrual bleeding. The medications used by us are Menopur, Gonal-F, to stimulate follicle development.
2. Egg Retrieval
During the egg retrieval process, the eggs are removed from the woman’s body under anesthesia. It is a painless procedure.
3. Fertilization and Embryo Culture
After egg retrieval, the sperm sample is washed and concentrated. Your eggs will be mixed with your partner’s or the donor’s sperm and the dishes are placed in an incubator overnight for the next day signs of fertilization. If the sperm appears normal, we expect about 70 to 80 % of eggs to fertilize. An embryologist will discuss fertilization results and answer your queries if you have any. The fertilized egg or an embryo is kept in the incubator for an additional 48 hours. In case, the sperm quality is low then Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is used as part of your treatment plan.
4. Embryo Transfer
It usually occurs two to four days after the egg retrieval. If the transfers take place on day 5, it is called as Blastocyst Transfer. This is normally a pain-free procedure and no anesthesia is required. During the embryo transfer, a thin tube, or catheter, will be passed through your cervix. The patient may experience a little discomfort as she needs a full bladder if ultrasound is required.
5. Pregnancy Test
Generally, the pregnancy blood test will be about two weeks after embryo transfer. It determines whether the pregnancy has occurred after the embryo transfer or not. This test is usually repeated 2 days later if positive.
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